When consumed carefully, alcohol is often a pleasant addition to a pleasant meal. However, excessive consumption can have serious effects on the brain.
Chronic alcohol use leads to a discount in brain volume, metabolic changes, and disruption of neurotransmitters, which are chemicals the brain uses to speak.
People with alcoholism often have a deficiency in vitamin B1. this will cause an encephalopathy called Wernicke’s encephalopathy, which successively can become Korsakoff’s syndrome.
This syndrome is distinguished by severe damage to the brain, including amnesia, disturbances in eyesight, confusion, and unsteadiness.
Excessive consumption of alcohol also can have negative effects on non-alcoholics.
Heavy one-off drinking episodes are referred to as “binge drinking.” These acute episodes can cause the brain to interpret emotional cues differently than normal. for instance, people have a reduced sensitivity to sad faces and an increased sensitivity to angry faces.
It’s thought that these changes to emotion recognition could also be an explanation for alcohol-related aggression.
Furthermore, alcohol consumption during pregnancy can have devastating effects on the fetus. as long as its brain remains developing, the toxic effects of alcohol may result in developmental disorders like fetal alcohol syndrome.
The effect of alcoholic abuse in teenagers also can be particularly damaging, because the brain remains developing. Teenagers who drink alcohol have abnormalities in brain structure, function and behavior, compared to those that don’t.
Particularly, alcoholic beverages mixed with energy drinks are concerning. They end in increased rates of binge drinking, impaired driving, risky behavior and an increased risk of alcohol dependence.
An additional effect of alcohol is that the disruption of sleep patterns. Drinking an outsized amount of alcohol before bed is related to poor sleep quality, which may cause chronic sleep deprivation.
However, moderate alcohol consumption may have beneficial effects, including improved heart health and a reduced risk of diabetes. These beneficial effects are particularly noted in moderate wine consumption of 1 glass per day.
Overall, you ought to avoid excessive alcohol consumption, especially if you’re an adolescent or young adult, and avoid binge drinking entirely.
If you’re pregnant, it’s safest to avoid drinking alcohol altogether.